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What is FMEA ; With Free FMEA excel Template!

Updated: May 18

FMEA Meaning, Usage, Simple Example, and Free Template!

What is FMEA?

FMEA stands for Failure Modes and Effects Analysis. It is a technique adapted from the aerospace industry to help more effectively anticipate and avoid problems. While often delivered in a way that can seem overly complex, it is in fact a fairly simple tool. FMEA has been applied to almost every industry, and is simply a method to assess and plan for problems which could impact safety, reliability, customer satisfaction, profits, etc. It is also a tool for process owners to allocate measurement and prevention resources (normally put into place in the Control phase of DMAIC). The main attraction of FMEA comes from the fact that it focuses on prevention rather than fire fighting, and ultimately promotes better solution implementation and more proactive ongoing management.


FMEA Free excel Template

The FMEA process

The Failure Mode and Effects Analysis process helps to evaluate risk based on three criteria;

  1. Severity: consequences if failure does occur

  2. Occurrence: likelihood failure will occur over time

  3. Detection: probability failure could be detected promptly if it occurs (or before it occurs)

The FMEA steps are as follows;